developing countries have yet to achieve tangible and lasting improvements in
the standard of living of the majority of their population. There is, therefore,
considerable scope for sharing and reviewing people-driven development schemes
to address the needs of economically disadvantaged and socially .deprived
sections of the population in these countries.
Tackling the problem of poverty effectively calls
for the empowerment of the poor. Economically and socially deprived communities
need to organize into associations, cooperatives and guilds to strengthen their
bargaining power at local, regional and national levels. This can only come
about, however, if the broader political and economic framework is conducive to
generating and improving opportunities for these self-help groups to grow. The
identification, analysis and restructuring of existing framework conditions are,
therefore, crucial to poverty reduction.
With this in mind, NAM CSSTC convened a meeting of
experts from 26 countries, grouped into seven different sub-regions, to
articulate their national situations and identify the major issues in
eradicating poverty and promoting rapid and equitable development. The meeting
was held in Jakarta in April 2001.
Economic instability, conflict, food security and
demographic patterns, including the increasing urbanization of the poor, were
among the common issues identified. Human resource development and health issues
were also seen as critical. The importance of tackling social exclusion and
ensuring real community participation in designing poverty alleviation
programmes was highlighted. And significantly, political will and good
governance were identified by almost all groups as prerequisites for effective
The conclusions of this meeting will be used to
formulate future NAM CSSTC projects dealing with how NAM member countries could
tackle problems contributing to the poverty in their respective countries. .
Related Page :
Report of Expert Group Meeting on the Identification
of Major Issues in Eradicating Poverty and Fostering Rapid and Equitable
Development in NAM Member Countries, Jakarta, Indonesia, 24-26 April, 2001